摘要：East Asian societies/regions has been known internationally as both high-achieving and exam-oriented societies. All of these societies have experienced rapid modernization, and education has played a crucial role in the process. In these societies, education is seen as a major vehicle to success, which results in a high pressure to excel. However, now Japan is 4th ranked among countries in terms of income inequality, and half of the social classes suffer from poverty. The gap between the rich social classes and the poor social classes is increasing. To overcome these problems and to improve quality of education for equality and excellence, national curriculum has been revised, teachers’ license renewal system and the school evaluation system have been introduced. National education reform are proceeding rapidly now. In the movement of decentralization, deregulation, neo-liberalism, neo-conservatism, buzzwords such as” efficiency” and “accountability” push these radical ‘reformism’. In my talk, I talk about these national reforms and the results of this reformism.
秋田喜代美（Kiyomi Akita）：博士，东京大学亚搏体育教授。曾任东京大学亚搏体育学校教育中心主任，现任日本国家科学院心理与教育委员会委员、并为教育委员会的主任，日本儿童早期教育研究部门主任，日本读书协会主任，日本教育部国家学校教育课程研究委员会委员，日本教育政策研究顾问等。研究领域包括课堂与教师发展研究、课例研究、儿童早期教育、教育心理学等。 近期主要论著有：Connecting kindergarten curriculum with elementary school curriculum: Documentation during three years（2002）；Research on Classrooms and Discourse Analysis, 2008；Learning from Lessons: Teacher Inquiry and Lesson Study in Japan（2008）；Lesson study Learning Process in the classroom Publisher of Open University Press（2010）等等，在International Journal of Early Childhood Education等国际期刊上发表论文多篇